The Flora on the Canary Island La Palma

Diversity of Species in the Biosphere Reserve

los-tilos-el-canalFar out in the Atlantic Ocean on the Canary Island plants have survived unlike at other places in the world, some even became extinct during the ice age.

Already in 1983 the area called „El Canal y Los Tilos“ was declared Biosphere Reserve and since 2002 the entire island has been protected with the objective of a sustainable development.

Imported and introduced

steingewaechse-la-palmaBesides the native Flora there are lots of imported and introduced plant species like the almond- and chestnut tree and hardly to overlook - the banana plant.

Some of the imported or introduced plants like the „rabo de gato“ (a grass species) have become a real plague threatening the native Flora.

La Palma - a fertile garden

jacaranda-la-palmaThanks to the bland climate on the "Isla Bonita", the Beautiful Island, also proper plenty of ornamental plants, vegetable and exotic fruits.

baumbluete-los-llanos

Basically, the period of blooming and maturity of plants or fruits in different climate zones can vary between 2 to 3 months.

On the south-west side and near the coast periods are respectively shorter.

 

Plants

"malfurada"
Large Leaf Canary Island St. John's-Wort
Hypericum grandifolium

„acebiño“
Canary Holly
Ilex canariensis
„flor de pascua“
Poinsettia
Euphorbia pulcherrima
„laurel de indias“
Indian Laurel / Chinese Banyan / Curtain Fig
Ficus microcarpa, syn. Ficus nítida / Ficus retusa

"madroño" – "madroño canario"
Canary Strawberry Tree
Arbutus canariensis

„tamarillo“
Tree Tomato
Solanum betaceum, Cyphomandra betacea

From mid of January until February countless soft pink almond blossoms adorn the communities of El Paso, Tijarafe, Puntagorda and Garafía.

Almonds of La Palma

mandeln-prunus-dulcis-cooperativa-puntagorda

mandelbaum-lastriciasShortly after the conquest, by the end of the 15th century, the first almond trees have been brought onto the island by new settlers.

From the incredible biodiversity almost 40 species have suvived until today.

restaurante-el-duende-del-fuego-los-llanos-de-aridane-la-palma-almendrados-de-garafia

For local people almonds, figs, Gofio and goat cheese are part of their basic food.

The island La Palma is known for its almond blossoming during January and February, enchanting mainly landscapes at average heights in the northwest of the island.

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